As lawyers know, authorized programs in countries all over the world typically fall into one of two major classes: common regulation techniques and civil law methods. Together with a guide on the “regulation of the monarchy” by a Duke of Cornwall, Queen Martia’s work was translated into the emerging English language by King Alfred (849-899 A.D.). When William the Conqueror arrived in 1066, he mixed the most effective of this Anglo-Saxon legislation with Norman regulation, which resulted in the English Frequent Law, a lot of which was by custom and precedent somewhat than by written code.
For we know that the frequent law is that system of law which was introduced by the Saxons on their settlement in England, and altered on occasion by proper legislative authority from that time to the date of Magna Carta, which terminates the interval of the widespread legislation, or lex non scripta, and commences that of the statute law, or Lex Scripta.
Scotland is usually mentioned to make use of the civil legislation system, but it surely has a novel system that mixes components of an uncodified civil law courting back to the Corpus Juris Civilis with a component of its personal common legislation lengthy predating the Treaty of Union with England in 1707 (see Authorized establishments of Scotland within the High Middle Ages ), based on the customary laws of the tribes residing there.
For centuries, through the 19th century, the widespread legislation recognized solely specific forms of action , and required very careful drafting of the opening pleading (called a writ ) to slot into exactly one in all them: Debt, Detinue, Covenant, Particular Assumpsit, Common Assumpsit, Trespass, Trover, Replevin, Case (or Trespass on the Case), and Ejectment.